September 13, 2021
When reporting on sports activities video games dwell or remotely, commentators ought to be capable of shortly acknowledge the numbers on the gamers’ jersey shirts, as this enables them to maintain up with what’s occurring and talk it to their viewers. Nevertheless, shortly figuring out gamers in sports activities movies shouldn’t be all the time straightforward, as these movies are sometimes taken at a distance to seize the general development of the sport. An extra problem is the quick movement of the published digicam that usually ends in movement blur.
Researchers at College of Waterloo have not too long ago developed a machine-learning approach that may mechanically acknowledge jersey numbers of gamers in photographs extracted from broadcast sports activities movies. This method, offered in a paper pre-published on arXiv, may assist to establish the jersey numbers of group gamers throughout sports activities occasions sooner and extra effectively than different present computational strategies.
“Sports activities jersey quantity recognition networks in present literature take into account jersey quantity recognition as a classification drawback and both (1) take into account the jersey numbers as separate lessons (holistic illustration), or (2) deal with the 2 digits in a jersey quantity as two unbiased lessons (digit-wise illustration),” Kanav Vats, one of many researchers who carried out the examine, advised Tech Xplore. “For instance, the jersey quantity ’12’ may be modeled by contemplating ’12’ as a separate class and likewise by splitting the quantity ’12’ into two constituent digits ‘1’ and ‘2’ and treating the 2 digits as separate lessons.”
Previous research have discovered that studying a number of output representations can enhance the efficiency of deep neural networks. In different phrases, neural networks which might be skilled to deal with totally different features of the duty they’re studying to finish have been discovered to carry out higher than these specializing in particular person features of the duty.
“The enter to the Resnet34 backbone-based community is a single-player picture,” Vats stated. “The community outputs three likelihood vectors. The primary is the likelihood of the jersey quantity current within the picture contemplating every jersey quantity within the dataset as a separate class, the second is the likelihood distribution of the primary digit within the jersey quantity and the third is the likelihood of the second digit within the jersey quantity.”
The researchers skilled their neural community with the weighted sum of the cross-entropy lack of the three outputs they centered on. Once they examined their community, they discovered that studying each holistic (e.g., ’12’) and digit-wise (e.g., ‘1’ and ‘2’ in ’12’) representations of numbers considerably improved their community’s means to acknowledge jersey numbers. Actually, their multi-task studying method outperformed different strategies that solely centered on both the holistic illustration or digit-wise representations.
“‘When the multi-task loss operate community we proposed was plugged right into a community launched in a earlier examine, it confirmed a big enchancment in efficiency,” Vats stated. “Notably, the multi-task loss operate can also be straightforward to implement in a contemporary deep studying library (corresponding to Pytorch) and can be utilized for jersey quantity recognition in different sports activities corresponding to soccer.”
Sooner or later, the neural community developed by this group of researchers may assist to mechanically establish jersey numbers in sports activities movies sooner and extra effectively. As well as, Vats and his colleagues compiled a brand new dataset containing 54,251 annotated photographs of NHL gamers and their jersey numbers that might be used to coach different strategies for jersey quantity and participant recognition.
Of their subsequent research, the researchers plan to enhance their jersey quantity and participant identification system additional. As an example, they wish to devise a neural community that additionally takes into consideration the placement of ice hockey gamers on the ice rink when attempting to find out their identities.
“The present examine doesn’t take temporal context under consideration, so our future work will intention to enhance participant identification through the use of temporal video information for inferring the jersey quantity from broadcast clips,” Vats stated. “This may be accomplished by way of a temporal convolutional community that may instantly work on movies. The proposed multi-task loss operate can be included within the temporal community.”
Scientist develops a picture recognition algorithm that works 40% sooner than analogs
Multi-task studying for jersey quantity recognition in ice hockey. arXiv:2108.07848 [cs.CV]. arxiv.org/abs/2108.07848
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A multi-task studying community to acknowledge the numbers on jerseys of sports activities group gamers (2021, September 13)
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